Seminole and Orange County health departments are investigating a locally-acquired case of dengue fever that a 19-year-old male was diagnosed with near the University of Central Florida.
Dengue fever is a viral disease transmitted by a type of mosquito common in the southeastern U.S. and the tropics. The man was diagnosed based on his symptoms and was confirmed by laboratory tests. Both Seminole and Orange County Mosquito Control are inspecting the areas around the county line by UCF.
Some people may experience little to no symptoms, according to the health departments. The most common symptoms include a high fever (over 101 degrees), severe headache, severe pain behind the eyes, muscle, joint and bone pain, rash, loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting. If you are experiencing these symptoms, please call your health provider.
Dengue fever is not spread from person to person, and the mosquitoes usually bite at dusk and dawn, but mosquitoes that carry dengue bite during the day as well. Mosquitoes are likely to bite indoors as well, especially in shady areas or when the weather is cloudy.
The health departments are asking residents to take appropriate measures to lower the mosquito population by partaking in the following Drain and Cover practices:
DRAIN standing water:
• Drain water from garbage cans, buckets, pool covers, coolers, toys, flowerpots or any other containers where sprinkler or rainwater has collected.
• Discard old tires, drums, bottles, cans, pots and pans, broken appliances and
other items that aren't being used.
• Empty and clean birdbaths and pets' water bowls at least once or twice a week.
• Protect boats and vehicles from rain with tarps that don't accumulate water.
• Maintain swimming pools in good condition and appropriately chlorinated. Empty plastic swimming pools when not in use.
COVER your skin with:
• CLOTHING - If you must be outside when mosquitoes are active, cover up. Wear shoes, socks, long pants and long sleeves.
• REPELLENT - Apply mosquito repellent to bare skin and clothing. Always use repellents according to the label. Repellents with 10-30% DEET, picaridin, oil of lemon eucalyptus, and IR3535 are effective.
• Use mosquito netting to protect children younger than 2 months old.
COVER doors and windows with screens:
• Keep mosquitoes out of your house. Repair broken screening on windows, doors, porches, and patios.
For More Information on dengue fever, go to www.cdc.gov/dengue. For mosquito disease activity across the state, go to http://myfloridaeh.com/medicine/arboviral/surveillance.htm.